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What To Wear In Luxor

GnT Top Tips

Egypt is a Muslim country. The culture and dress code are not as strict in Egypt as they are in some other Muslim countries, but it is still best to be modest, especially for ladies. There are many who will say they have been to Luxor and have worn exactly what they want, where they want, and nobody cared. The truth is that many people probably cared a great deal but were too polite to say anything. It is far better to be sensitive to local culture and to dress in a way that will avoid offence. It should also be remembered that most of the places you are visiting were, and possibly still are, sacred sites and it is preferable to show a degree of respect.

The other reason for dressing on the more conservative side, is the sun. Be under no illusion, Egypt is hot, especially further south, like Luxor or Aswan. It is crucial that you wear a hat, and we would suggest something with a wide brim, that offers some protection to, not only your face, but also the back of your neck. 

Guys, normal pants, jeans or chinos, nothing too tight, and shirts, t-shirts or golf shirts are fine. Make sure they are lightweight and natural fibres – cotton is best. Polyester or any similar artificial fabric will become uncomfortable very quickly. Shorts seem to be accepted in the hot season, more so on the West Bank. Remember, Luxor is a working ancient city, not a beach resort.

Girls, sorry, but for you it is a little more. Apart from the need to respect local custom and religion there are two other benefits from modest clothing. First, it will protect you from the sun. The sun is fierce most of the time and will soon damage exposed, unprotected skin. Second, the more modest you are the less attention you will attract. A basic wardrobe would be loose cotton or linen trousers and/or a longish skirt and cotton tops with sleeves that are at least half-length. No-one expects you to cover your face. Nor do you have to cover your head. However, in the street you should not expose too much skin, and preferably also cover knees and elbows. Clothing, especially blouses and skirts, should not be transparent or tight-fitting. Above the waist, baggy is best.

Shoes: we would suggest anything that you are comfortable walking in, the pavements in Luxor are not the best, and the terrain on the West Bank can be quite uneven. Many of the tombs have wooden floors laid to make it easier, but sometimes there are gaps between the planking, so heels are a no-no. Also, due to the sand and dust, any kind of open shoe is going to quickly become uncomfortable. Sneakers, walking shoes or desert boots are all good. It is not a good idea to rush out and buy something new, as shoes usually take some time to wear in.

This may all sound a little over the top, but we want you to enjoy your time in Egypt, and to protect you from the sun.

This is not a fashion show, and comfort should be your priority.

Welcome to GnT Tours

GnT Tours

This is the story of two sound engineers who, unbeknownst to each other, shared a common passion – Ancient Egypt.

Gavin Athienides, current Vice-chairman of the Ancient Egyptian Society in Johannesburg, runs his own successful studio in Johannesburg. He had been working on the production of various audiobooks, however, the production had ground to a halt over copyright issues, and Gavin, out of sheer frustration, decided the best way forward was to write his own book. Inspired by the stories of the Hardy Boys’ adventures in Egypt, that he had loved as a child, Gavin found himself in the Land of the Pharaohs looking for subject matter and a plot for his own children’s book, ‘The Adventures of Tee, Timothy and Tiger’. Once there the bug bit, and he has subsequently revisited Egypt many times, concentrating on the Valley of the Kings in Luxor.

Meanwhile not many streets away Ted Loukes was busy running his own successful studio. When not at work, Ted is an independent researcher in the field of ancient civilisations. His particular fascination with Ancient Egypt began in 1972 with a visit to the Treasures of Tutankhamun exhibition, held at the British Museum. In late 2011 he had begun writing a blog on mysteries, both ancient and modern, and came across the story of Moses and his links to a renegade Pharaoh. Further investigation led to a two-and-a-half-year project, incorporating several field trips to Egypt, notably to Luxor, with its rich history of what is known as the New Kingdom, that culminated in his non-fiction work ‘Moses and Akhenaten: Brothers in Alms’

It was only in early 2015 that Gavin and Ted finally met and began sharing their passion for Ancient Egypt. Many discussions about returning to Egypt followed that meeting, until 2018 when the decision was made that what was missing were tours that concentrated on specific moments in Ancient Egyptian history, as opposed to the general package deals that tried to include all the three and a half thousand years that make up the Ancient Egyptian timeline. With their extensive knowledge and research carried out in and around Luxor, the time of Rameses the Great, Tutankhamun and Nefertiti, what is called the New Kingdom, was the obvious choice, and so was born GnT Tours.

The New Kingdom

The Egyptian Timeline

The general misconception of Ancient Egypt is of everything mixed together in one time and one place: Pyramids, Pharaohs, Cleopatra, camels, mummies and so on, largely due to the way that Hollywood has portrayed it, whereas in actual fact the timeline of Ancient Egypt spans many thousands of years, as shown in the graphic below.

Ancient Egypt Timeline

As you can see, the pyramids are generally assumed to have been built around 2500 years before the common era (BCE), while Cleopatra died in 30 BCE. A huge time-span of two and a half thousand years, but don’t worry, we are not going to cover all of that. The period we will be concentrating on is known as the New Kingdom, well over a thousand years before Cleopatra. It is the golden age of Egyptian history and the time of many of the more well-known Pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Nefertiti and Ramses the Great. In our exploration of the West Bank of Luxor we shall meet not only the great rulers, but also the courtiers and noblemen of the time, as well as the men who actually built and decorated these magnificent tombs.  

The Hyksos

The New Kingdom began with the expulsion of a foreign people known as the Hyksos who had taken control of the northern part of Egypt and split the country in two. From their stronghold in the Theban area in the south, the 17th dynasty rulers began a campaign to drive out the hated Hyksos. The success of this campaign reunited the country and so began the the New Kingdom and the 18th Dynasty.

The 18th Dynasty

It is impossible to spend time in Luxor and not come across the 18th Dynasty. From its beginning with Ahmose, whose body lies in the Luxor Museum to Horemheb whose magnificent tomb we will hopefully visit, the 18th Dynasty dominated the Theban political and religious landscape. It is the time of the mighty queen, Hatshepsut, the era of Tuthmose III, known as the “Napoleon of Egypt”. It saw the expansion of the Egyptian empire to become the most powerful country in the known world. It was also the dynasty of the religious heretic Akhenaten, his beautiful wife, Nefertiti and his famous son Tutankhamun. 

18th Dynasty

The 19th Dynasty

Moving from the 18th to the 19th Dynasty saw many changes. This was the rise of the Rameside family. Horemheb, the military general and last ruler of the 18th gave way to another military man, Rameses. Hailing from the north-eastern part of the Delta, Ramses the First was already an old man when he took the throne, and didn’t rule for long, but he sired the beginnings of one of the most powerful families in the ancient world. His grandson was Rameses the Great, a prolific warrior, campaigner and builder, and there is no part of Egypt that does not carry his name on buildings and statues. Although the Ramesides ruled from the north, Thebes (Luxor) was still the religious capital and the Rameside kings certainly left their mark there.

19th Dynasty

By the time of his death, aged about 90 years, Rameses the Great was suffering from severe dental problems and was plagued by arthritis and hardening of the arteries, and had outlived most of his wives and children. His campaigns had made Egypt rich from all his conquests. Nine more pharaohs were to take the name Rameses in his honour. Most of the Rameside kings were buried in the Valley of the Kings, as we shall see.

The 20th Dynasty

20th Dynasty

The last Dynasty of the New Kingdom was the 20th. The end of the 19th had seen a decline into a state approaching civil war, until Setnakhte restored some form of order. He didn’t rule for long and his successor was Rameses III. During this time Egypt was threatened by the Sea Peoples, but Rameses III was able to defeat this confederacy from the Near East. This king is also known for what is known as “The Harem Conspiracy” in which Queen Tiye attempted to assassinate the king and put her son Pentawere on the throne. The coup was not successful in the end. The king may have died from the attempt on his life, but it was his legitimate heir, Rameses IV, who succeeded him to the throne. After this a succession of kings named Rameses took the throne, but none would truly achieve greatness. Some of their tombs are the most splendid in the Valley of the Kings.

The power of the pharaoh was undermined by the rise of the Amun priesthood, to the point that toward the end of the dynasty the priests of Amun in Thebes effectively controlled the crown. Constant in-fighting between the sons of Rameses III also contributed to the eventual collapse and demise of the New Kingdom. 

As we shall see, Luxor is one colossal open-air museum with its main feature being the New Kingdom.

Is Egypt Safe?

Our experience of Egypt is, yes, Egypt is safe.

Like anywhere in the world it depends on where you want to go and what you want to do.

If you want to go back-packing across Northern Sinai, then perhaps no – it is not safe. If you want to wander around late at night on your own in Cairo, we would advise against it. We would advise against you wandering around any city late at night on your own.

If you want to enjoy the historical sites of Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel and Alexandria and all points in between, then yes, Egypt is safe.

Tourism 

Tourism plays a large role in the GDP of Egypt, and although it suffered greatly immediately after the revolution of 2011, it is slowly, very slowly, recovering, thanks not only to the great work that is being done by the Minister of Tourism, Rania al-Mashat, and the Ministry of Antiquities, under the auspices of Khaled el-Anani, but also the tourists who have gone back home and loudly proclaimed what a fantastic time they have had.

Economy

Most Egyptians are very aware of the economic value that tourism brings to their economy and will treat you accordingly. Egyptians are friendly people and will do anything to help you. Sadly, their economy has been suffering and so many people are desperate, and usually such help comes at a price. For most tourists that price means very little to them financially.

Government

The Egyptian government are also aware of the importance of tourists and have noticeably increased the presence of police at most major sites, as well as increased the various security procedures around entering such places. The tourist police are also usually not far away. The stricter controls over where you can go in any given area are also there for your added protection.

Respect

When travelling in a foreign country you will have a far better experience by integrating with the locals than if you try and distance yourself. For a lot of travellers, Egypt might be their first foray into a Muslim country, and the different traditions and societal behaviours that go with that can be somewhat of an adjustment, but that is all it is, an adjustment. You are a visitor in their country, so you need to do the adjusting. To that end it is our advice that you always dress on the more conservative side, so as to not attract any unwelcome attention. If you are visiting tombs and temples, it is better to show a degree of respect for the sites that you are in.

Haggling

Haggling from street traders and shop keepers is a part of life, as is the constant demand to visit someone’s shop, take their horse-drawn cab, or spend an hour on their boat. It is a game, and if you approach it as so, you will not be disappointed. Better to not say anything than get drawn in to conversation. Once you say something, then you are deemed to have begun the game. A dismissive wave, or if you must say something a quick “Laa Shukran” (Arabic for “No, thank you”) will suffice.

Single Travellers

Egypt is perfectly safe providing you are aware of where you are and what you are doing. It is sometimes easier being in a group, rather than on your own, as single travellers look like easier targets. If you are a single traveller, usually you can tag on to one of the tour groups doing the rounds.     

 

Is Egypt safe?

 

In our opinion, absolutely.

September 2018 Tour Day 6

Karnak

Day 6 was our last in Luxor, and we were going to spend some time on the East Bank. After breakfast we made our way down to the river’s edge for a ride downstream. Our destination – the largest open-air temple in the world – Karnak.

It is a great pity that security measures have meant it is now impossible to walk directly from the riverfront to the first pylon. You now have to enter from the side where the coach parking is, and that initial view with the pylon backlit by the morning sun is somewhat diminished by entering through the new security checkpoint. However, given the times, security must be paramount.

That being said, it is still a magnificent sight. There is so much to see in Karnak, that a single morning doesn’t really do it justice, and I can’t help but feel sorry for those tourists who get a 45-minute look-around before being whisked off somewhere else.

Given our time restraint, we elected to walk the West-East axis, which is, in effect, a walk back through the centuries, from the comparatively recent first pylon of the Late Period to the central sanctuary from the Middle Kingdom.

To avoid a rather loud tour-guide we stopped to take in the three shrines to the Theban Triad built by Seti II, and then crossed the Great Court to the Ramses III temple. Walking back along the front of the second pylon, we paused at one of the holes that allow you to see some of the Akhenaten talatat that were used as filler material by Horemheb. It always makes me laugh that the man seemingly hell-bent on wiping Akhenaten from the face of the earth, unwittingly did so much to conserve that king’s Theban structures.

The Hypostyle Hall

Into the Hypostyle Hall and its forest of columns. Although one only sees the all-powerful hand of Ramses the Great on these mighty pillars, it was actually, from a building point of view, the greatest work of Seti I. I think everyone forgets that it really started as an entrance colonnade built by Amenhotep III. I can never enter the Hypostyle Hall without a visit to the little-known kiosk of Amenhotep IV, not that there is anything to see. My highlight of the day, however, was being recognised and greeted by a local Egyptian tour-guide – I couldn’t help feeling that I had “arrived”.

Tuthmose III Festival Hall

Through the Hypostyle Hall to the third pylon and its enigmatic ghost figure on the northern side. The obelisks always astonish first-time visitors. Perhaps it is their seemingly incredible height when viewed from the base, rather than the standard photo view. On to the centre and the holy of holies, although replaced in Ptolemaic times, it is still the heart of this magnificent temple to Amun-Ra. It was also quite pleasant to pause for a while in the shade. East of here lies the remains of the Middle Kingdom sanctuary, and beyond that the Festival Hall of Tuthmose III. The Akh-menu, as it is known, supposedly represents a huge tent shrine, complete with poles. I don’t see it myself. What it is, is one of the few places left in Karnak to retain some of its original colours. It doesn’t get many visitors and so is usually a tranquil place, under the watchful gaze of various Christian saints painted at the tops of the pillars.  

Eastern Gate

Onwards towards the Eastern Gate, past the Botanical Gardens of Tuthmose III and his Chapel of the Listening Ear to the Ramses II temple and finally the Gate of Nectanebo. Beyond lies the erstwhile site of Akhenaten’s Gem pa Aten. But it is time to leave. So much still to see, but that will all have to wait for the next Tombs and Temples Tour taking place in January 2019.

Motorbikes

It was time to get the boat across to our hotel and have some lunch. As it was our last day in Luxor, we decided to make it a free afternoon, I knew that the ladies wished to do some shopping at the Souk, while the rest of our group wanted to revisit some of the tombs. Motorbikes were hired and off they went, a return to the Valleys of both the Queens and the Kings. Those that were left headed back across the river to the Souk. I am still not sure who were the braver.

The Souk

The Souk Squad set off for the national ferry, a stone’s throw from our hotel, rather than utilising our regular boat. The fare, despite the recent increase, is still incredibly reasonable, and it gave us a chance to do as the locals do. Entering the Souk, unaided by a resident, can be an unnerving affair, bombarded, as you are, from all sides with requests to “visit my shop – no hassle”. But the ladies were not to be put off. Determined, they knew what they wanted and refused to be taken in by the wiles of the local shopkeepers. There was a point where I felt we were close to causing an “International Incident”, but mercifully, common sense prevailed, and we all left happy with our purchases. So often visitors get upset by the antics of these merchants, but if they retained their sense of humour, they would soon see that it is all a game. We have a lot to learn.

A caleche ride back to the ferry point, and a return to the West Bank for our final dinner in Luxor. Next stop, Giza.

September 2018 Tour Day 5

Seti I Temple

Day 5 began with a minibus journey through the local villages rather than via the main road. We were starting our day at the northern-most temple in the necropolis. The mortuary temple of Seti I, father to Ramses the Great, is a seldom-visited gem, not far from the New Qurna market.

Hidden from the main Valley of the Kings road, this wonderful little temple was built by Seti late in his reign and is supposedly in honour of his father, Ramses I, who only ruled for a couple of years and didn’t have time to construct his own temple. That said, it would appear that the Seti I temple was actually completed by Seti’s own son, Ramses the Great. The temple faces east and is directly in line with, probably, Seti’s greatest work, the Hypostyle Hall at Karnak.

Deir el-Bahari

Continuing along that line, our next stop was the Splendour of Splendours, the mortuary temple of the female pharaoh, Hatshepsut. Set against the magnificent backdrop of the cliffs of the Theban mountains, Djeser Djeseru, as it is called, never fails to impress, with its Osirid statues of the queen looking forever eastward to Karnak, in fact, the entire temple is oriented to the winter solstice sunrise. The first level colonnades were closed and so we made our way up the long ramp, past the remains of the Myrrh trees from Punt, to the second level. We began our traverse of this level at the southern end at the chapel of Hathor, with its beautiful array of Hathorite pillars, past the divine birth scenes to the fascinating depictions of the trade expedition to the land of Punt. Unfortunately, the sunlight has caused these marvellous renditions to fade, and it was difficult to make out what was what. At the northern end of the second level is the Anubis Chapel. Up one more ramp to the third level and, at the back, lies the Sanctuary of Amun. If one continued following our imaginary line it would take you through the mountain to the great queen’s tomb.

Carter’s House

Time to travel forward in time, but first there was the gauntlet of traders by the Hatshepsut ticket office to get past. With most of our group through unscathed, we set off on the short trip to the house of Howard Carter. This was his main residence through all those years of working in the valley, looking for Tutankhamun. The house has been restored and features a selection of items from the time, including the great man’s desk, his typewriter and many other items from his daily life. The walls are covered with photographs of the excavations, and it was interesting to get a glimpse of Carter’s own “dark room”. I must say I was quite surprised at how big the house was, I had some preconception of a small dig house. This moderate snapshot of how life must have been for Carter, with the endless searching, before finally finding that long-hidden first step, is a must-see if you are interested in the history of the excavations.

Tutankhamun Replica Tomb

Another must-see, in the grounds, is the facsimile of Tutankhamun’s tomb. The accuracy of the reproductions is astounding and well worth a visit, either because you didn’t pay the extra in the Valley itself, or, as we did, to take the opportunity to grab some photos inside “KV62”

Time for a very late lunch, and then a revisit to the East Bank and a chance, for those that missed it first time round, to go to Luxor Temple. A couple of hours can easily slip by when you are walking in Luxor Temple. Soon it was time for our last excursion of the day. The boat was ready at the landing point, just behind the temple, and we climbed aboard to be met by a royal spread all set out for our sunset picnic.

Sunset

Casting off, we headed upstream, weaving our way through a flotilla of feluccas, all the time watching the sun begin its descent in the west. The whole river seemed to have sparked into life as every type of boat, from the huge cruise ships down to a lowly rowing boat, decided that now was the time to be out on the river. Eventually we moored amidst lush grasses on the western bank, where the food was fully enjoyed, and, I believe, the drinks went down equally well. 
Finally the sun bid us farewell, as it slid below the horizon to begin its own boat journey through the underworld.

   

September 2018 Tour Day 4

Valley of the Kings

With breakfast out of the way and a fresh supply of cold water on board, we set off for the world’s most famous cemetery. Here, again, the Luxor Pass really came into its own, not only could we visit the tomb of Seti I, but also any of the other tombs that were open. With 11 tombs open, here was another good return on the pass price.

Seeing as there were already several tour buses in the parking area, we elected to hit the most famous first, before it got too busy. Strikingly different from the other royal tombs in the valley, Tutankhamun’s is cramped and gives the impression that it was finished in a hurry. As always, we drew a small crowd as we talked through who was who in the wall paintings, and what the hieroglyphs said.

Next door and next on the list was the long descent into KV8, the tomb of Merenptah. On the other side of the valley was Seti I, and for sheer majesty alone, I don’t think this tomb can be beaten, with possibly the exception of that of Queen Nefertari.

Back across the valley to the other side of KV62 lies the joint tomb of Ramses V and VI, here one cannot help but be awed at the sight of the huge anthropoid sarcophagus that lies at the end of this traditionally straight Rameside tomb, even in its somewhat broken state.

Ramses III, for me, along with KV14, Tausert and Setnakht, is one of the most beautiful tombs in the valley. Maybe it is the contrast of the rich colours against the white background. Close to KV14, lie the resting places of Seti II and Siptah.

There was still time to do Ramses IX, before visiting KV1 and KV2 as we headed off in search of lunch. By popular consent it was a return to the Ramasseum Rest House and the Abd el Rasoul family kitchen.

Western Valley

After lunch we headed back to the Valley of the Kings, this time taking the road off to the right and up the Western Valley. Ostensibly we were going to see the tomb of Ay, the successor to Tutankhamun, but there was tacit understanding that we would all keep an eye out for whatever was going on in the way of the current dig happening under the watchful eye of Dr Zahi Hawass. Plenty of signs of recent activity, but nothing really to report other than a tent and some chairs. We all wait with bated breath for next year. On the way out we stopped off at WV25, possibly the beginnings of a royal tomb for the young Amenhotep IV. We also paid a visit to the entrance to the closed final resting place of Tutankhamun’s grandfather.

 

All this Amarna family related activity reminded us that the Aten was slowly sinking behind the mountains and it was time for the pool and something cold.

September 2018 Tour Day 3

Day 3 started with a split in our company as our last arrival needed to get her Luxor Pass, which meant a trip across the river to the offices behind the museum. Although it was nice and cool on the water, the general temperature was still in the 40s. The Luxor Pass process was quick and painless, and with our coffers refilled from the neighbouring ATM, we set off in search of the rest of the gang.

The Ramasseum

Not wishing to waste anyone’s time, we had sent them ahead to the mortuary temple of Ramses the Great. The Ramasseum, so named by Champollion, is another vast monument to the glory of this particular king. The fallen statue that lies by the second pylon would have stood 62 feet high. As with most of the Ramses the Great buildings, much is made of the Battle of Kadesh. Going further into the body of the temple, you cannot help but let your eye be drawn up the towering columns with their depictions of the erstwhile king making offerings to the entire panoply of mortuary deities.

The Abd el-Rasoul Family

Magnificent though the Ramasseum is, I couldn’t help but wonder if somewhere the ka of Ramses II is not a bit put out that the temple just down the road at Medinet Habu, that of Ramses III, is, perhaps, the more impressive.Having re-joined as a group, the next place to visit was the Ramasseum Rest House for a spot of lunch. Upon wandering inside, we were amazed to see all sorts of photographs of Howard Carter and Sheik Hussein Abd el Rasoul, the young water-boy made famous by the picture of him wearing one of Tutankhamun’s necklaces. All was explained when the owner revealed himself to be the son of the young boy who supposedly had noticed the first step on that day back in November 1922. What a pleasure and indeed an honour to be waited on by the son of such a legend, and of course the great grandson of one of the infamous Abd el Rasoul family of tomb robbers.

Tombs of the Nobles

Lunch over, it was time to cross the road and begin the walk up the slopes of the Qurna hillside. The tombs of the Nobles are scattered over a wide area and number in their hundreds, so with that in mind, plus the ongoing heat, we settled for a handful.

Ramose, Nakht, Menna, Sennefer, all well-known figures in and around Thebes during the New Kingdom, and their tombs reflect this. Perhaps tombs is somewhat of a misnomer as they seem to contain so much emphasis on life rather than death. The royal tombs and their associated mortuary temples are about the funerary process, and the importance of the deceased king in his relationship with the gods in the hereafter, while the Nobles tombs, and to a degree, the tombs at Deir el-Medina are about celebration, about keeping alive what made the tomb owner in life, and so we see scenes of the everyday; the sowing, the harvest, making beer or wine. We see the festivity of the burial, not the mortuary functions. It is important to remember that these so-called tombs, although housing the body of its owner, usually in a deep shaft somewhere in the back, were kept open, and were visited by the family and friends of the deceased to celebrate the now justified occupant and the cult of him and his life.

DB320

It was getting late and some of us needed to cross the river for certain items not readily available on the West Bank. We opted to take the National ferry rather than a private boat, and it was refreshing to travel with and in the style of the locals.

While we were crossing the river, others of our party, no doubt inspired by meeting a member of the Abd el Rasoul clan, had elected to make the long hike in search of DB320, the site of the important mummy cache from 1881.

Tut Ankh Amoun

We all met back in the foyer of our hotel at 7pm, and set out on foot, south along the river bank in search of the highly regarded Tut Ankh Amoun restaurant. As we stepped off the pavement onto a dimly lit dusty road, I couldn’t help but hear the uncertainty behind me, but soon we saw the sign. Up a few stairs and we found the restaurant with its splendid view across the river and one of the finest meals you could ask for.

 

September 2018 Tour Day 2

Colossi of Memnon

With our number bolstered by the first of our late arrivals, we set out for the Valley of the Queens. Armed with ice-cold water we set off in our minibus taxi up though the villages, past the Colossi of Memnon. It was great to see just how much of the layout of Amenhotep III’s mortuary temple has been uncovered since I was last here.

Valley of the Queens

A few minutes later we were at the parking area before what was known in ancient times as “The Place of Beauty”. As we disembarked, the heat hit us like a sledgehammer, and it is at that moment that you realise that you are now in the desert, and that not much stands between you and the Atlantic Ocean but sun-scorched rock and sand.

Our Luxor Passes got us through the security checkpoint with ease, and after collecting our photo passes, we set off up the valley. There are only a handful of open tombs in the Valley of the Queens, but each one is interesting in its own right. First stop was the tomb of Prince Khaemwaset, one of the sons of Ramses III. For most of the group this was their introduction to a royal tomb and the looks of disbelief were great to see. It is one thing to see pictures or videos of theses artistic wonders, but to stand in one and realise that what is in front of you was commissioned several thousand years ago is something else entirely.

Although the tomb of Nefertari was the big prize, we left that to last, and moved on to the tomb of Queen Tyti, a wife of Ramses III, and probably the mother of Ramses IV. Another prince, Amun-her-khepeshef, another son of Ramses III. The walls show the young prince being led by his father into the presence of the gods. Next up, QV66, the final resting place of Nefertari, Great Royal Wife to Ramses the Great. This magnificent tomb has been hailed as the finest in the whole Theban necropolis, and its beauty and vibrant colours are simply breath-taking. This was a return on our Luxor Pass investment.

Deir el-Medina

Leaving the Valley of the Queens, our next stop was on the other end of the social scale as we were heading for the worker’s village of Deir el-Medina. A short trek over the hillside, past the rock-cut shrine to Ptah and Meretseger, seemed a better option than the easier, but much longer, road route, especially considering the heat. We soon arrived at the rest stop overlooking the ancient village. This was home to the craftsmen who actually built the tombs, who laboured away, cutting through the rock, plastering the walls and crafting out the splendid decorations of these hallowed spaces for their kings and queens. This UNESCO World Heritage Site carries one of the best documented accounts of community life in the ancient world, spanning almost four hundred years. Just behind the rest stop lies the glorious tomb of Sennedjem and his family. The Ministry of Antiquities has recently opened more tombs for general viewing, for example, the tomb of Amennakht, plus the temple of Hathor at the northern end of the village is worth a visit.

Lunch was calling, and it was a reasonable walk from the village to the front of Medinet Habu, where we were welcomed by the genial host of the Café & Restaurant Maratonga.

Medinet Habu
Medinet Habu is the mortuary temple of Ramses III. Its walls carry more than 7,000 m2 of decorated reliefs detailing the king’s military campaigns against would-be invaders from the north, in particular the Sea Peoples. It is interesting to note that the original entrance is through a gate house, very much in the style of the Asiatic migdols of the period. The temple is probably the best preserved on the West Bank and its interior decorations are superb, especially higher up towards the remaining ceilings. Medinet Habu also has the only record of a decisive Egyptian sea battle, showing Ramses III defeating the so-called Sea People.


By now our final group member had arrived, and she, the pool, and something cold were all waiting back at the hotel.

September 2018 Tour Day 1

Egypt

Finally the day had arrived, time to head north for Egypt. A long delay in departure put us under pressure, as we only had a short turn around between our arrival in Cairo and our departure to Luxor. In Cairo it appeared that there had been a sudden influx of travellers as Egyptair was doubling its scheduled morning southbound flights from the capital. Some of us made the mad scramble from international arrivals through passport control to the far end of Terminal 3 and domestic departures, while others were not so lucky and were obliged to get the next flight. Needless to say, nobody’s luggage made that initial connection.

Arrival

After several hours waiting in the Luxor Airport arrival halls, we had our starting group and all our luggage. Two more people were to join us over the next couple of days. As we walked out of the airport to our patiently waiting transport the heat hit us like a wall. It was over 40 degrees Celcius!

We got to our West Bank hotel, dropped off our luggage, and immediately set off across the river to get our Luxor Passes. We had secured the services of a local motor boat owner who became our ”fixer” for our time in Luxor. 
(If anyone needs such an aid while in Luxor, please email us contactus@gnttours.co.za for his details. We also used a Luxor based company for airport transfers and for a full day to the Valley of the Kings. Again, email us for details) 
Luxor Pass

Although it felt cool while crossing the Nile, the temperature had reached the mid-forties, and we were all feeling the effect of the heat combined with the weariness of overnight travel.

The Luxor Pass office consists of a couple of small rooms in a small alleyway just behind the Luxor Museum. The process was fairly simple, just make sure you have your passport, a copy of your passport and a passport type photo and the required fee. Unfortunately, news is that the price of the Pass is to increase from November, however it is still good value if you plan to use it to its fullest extent. It also saves a huge amount of time at the entrances to all sites.

Luxor Temple

The Luxor Museum being closed in the afternoons, we took our boat upstream to Luxor Temple. For most of our group this was our first introduction to Pharaonic Egypt. The imposing pylon built by Ramses the Great with its colossal statues and its one remaining obelisk are certainly awe-inspiring.

Further into the temple, one cannot fail to notice the change in style as you move back in time from the relative crude work of the 19th Dynasty to the lighter and more graceful work of the 18th Dynasty.

Luxor Museum
Although tired and weary, there was still more to do, and after a short refreshment break in the gardens of the Winter Palace, it was time to head downstream to the now open Luxor Museum. Although small, the Luxor Museum is one of the finest, with its well laid out exhibits covering the New Kingdom and in particular the 18th Dynasty. Highlights must be the Kamose Stela telling the tale of the expulsion of the “vile Amu”, the recreation of a talatat wall from the early years of Akhenaten, and the below-ground display of the various statues discovered in the Luxor Temple cache.

Once more across the river to our West Bank hotel (mail for details) and a delicious spread to round off a long hot first day.